Multiple LoRa Device Communication

In this part of my LoRa Series ( Part 3 ) I will look at some basic code for the Heltec LoRa 32 V2 Module. This code will in particular be focused on Multiple device communication. It can easily adapted from the stock example (as provided below) to implement a custom addressing scheme.

LoRa Multiple Communications No Interrupt

#include "heltec.h"

#define BAND    433E6  //you can set band here directly,e.g. //868E6,915E6


String outgoing;              // outgoing message

byte localAddress = 0xBB;     // address of this device
byte destination = 0xFD;      // destination to send to

byte msgCount = 0;            // count of outgoing messages
long lastSendTime = 0;        // last send time
int interval = 2000;          // interval between sends

void setup()
{
   //WIFI Kit series V1 not support Vext control
  Heltec.begin(true /*DisplayEnable Enable*/, true /*Heltec.LoRa Enable*/, true /*Serial Enable*/, true /*PABOOST Enable*/, BAND /*long BAND*/);

  Serial.println("Heltec.LoRa Duplex");

 
}

void loop()
{
  if (millis() - lastSendTime > interval)
  {
    String message = "Hello there!";   // send a message
    sendMessage(message);
    Serial.println("Sending " + message);
    lastSendTime = millis();            // timestamp the message
    interval = random(2000) + 1000;    // 2-3 seconds
  }

  // parse for a packet, and call onReceive with the result:
  onReceive(LoRa.parsePacket());
}

void sendMessage(String outgoing)
{
  LoRa.beginPacket();                   // start packet
  LoRa.write(destination);              // add destination address
  LoRa.write(localAddress);             // add sender address
  LoRa.write(msgCount);                 // add message ID
  LoRa.write(outgoing.length());        // add payload length
  LoRa.print(outgoing);                 // add payload
  LoRa.endPacket();                     // finish packet and send it
  msgCount++;                           // increment message ID
}

void onReceive(int packetSize)
{
  if (packetSize == 0) return;          // if there's no packet, return

  // read packet header bytes:
  int recipient = LoRa.read();          // recipient address
  byte sender = LoRa.read();            // sender address
  byte incomingMsgId = LoRa.read();     // incoming msg ID
  byte incomingLength = LoRa.read();    // incoming msg length

  String incoming = "";

  while (LoRa.available())
  {
    incoming += (char)LoRa.read();
  }

  if (incomingLength != incoming.length())
  {   // check length for error
    Serial.println("error: message length does not match length");
    return;                             // skip rest of function
  }

  // if the recipient isn't this device or broadcast,
  if (recipient != localAddress && recipient != 0xFF) {
    Serial.println("This message is not for me.");
    return;                             // skip rest of function
  }

  // if message is for this device, or broadcast, print details:
  Serial.println("Received from: 0x" + String(sender, HEX));
  Serial.println("Sent to: 0x" + String(recipient, HEX));
  Serial.println("Message ID: " + String(incomingMsgId));
  Serial.println("Message length: " + String(incomingLength));
  Serial.println("Message: " + incoming);
  Serial.println("RSSI: " + String(LoRa.packetRssi()));
  Serial.println();
}

LoRa Multiple communication, Interrupt

#include "heltec.h"

#define BAND    433E6  //you can set band here directly,e.g. 868E6,915E6

  
byte localAddress = 0xBB;     // address of this device
byte destination = 0xFF;      // destination to send to

String outgoing;              // outgoing message
byte msgCount = 0;            // count of outgoing messages
long lastSendTime = 0;        // last send time
int interval = 2000;          // interval between sends

void setup()
{
   //WIFI Kit series V1 not support Vext control
  Heltec.begin(true /*DisplayEnable Enable*/, true /*Heltec.LoRa Disable*/, true /*Serial Enable*/, true /*PABOOST Enable*/, BAND /*long BAND*/);

  LoRa.onReceive(onReceive);
  LoRa.receive();
  Serial.println("Heltec.LoRa init succeeded.");
}

void loop()
{
  if (millis() - lastSendTime > interval)
  {
    String message = "Hello World!";   // send a message
    sendMessage(message);
    Serial.println("Sending " + message);
    lastSendTime = millis();            // timestamp the message
    interval = random(2000) + 1000;     // 2-3 seconds
    LoRa.receive();                     // go back into receive mode
  }
}

void sendMessage(String outgoing)
{
  LoRa.beginPacket();                   // start packet
  LoRa.write(destination);              // add destination address
  LoRa.write(localAddress);             // add sender address
  LoRa.write(msgCount);                 // add message ID
  LoRa.write(outgoing.length());        // add payload length
  LoRa.print(outgoing);                 // add payload
  LoRa.endPacket();                     // finish packet and send it
  msgCount++;                           // increment message ID
}

void onReceive(int packetSize)
{
  if (packetSize == 0) return;          // if there's no packet, return

  // read packet header bytes:
  int recipient = LoRa.read();          // recipient address
  byte sender = LoRa.read();            // sender address
  byte incomingMsgId = LoRa.read();     // incoming msg ID
  byte incomingLength = LoRa.read();    // incoming msg length

  String incoming = "";                 // payload of packet

  while (LoRa.available())             // can't use readString() in callback
  {
    incoming += (char)LoRa.read();      // add bytes one by one
  }

  if (incomingLength != incoming.length())   // check length for error
  {
    Serial.println("error: message length does not match length");
    return;                             // skip rest of function
  }

  // if the recipient isn't this device or broadcast,
  if (recipient != localAddress && recipient != 0xFF)
  {
    Serial.println("This message is not for me.");
    return;                             // skip rest of function
  }

  // if message is for this device, or broadcast, print details:
  Serial.println("Received from: 0x" + String(sender, HEX));
  Serial.println("Sent to: 0x" + String(recipient, HEX));
  Serial.println("Message ID: " + String(incomingMsgId));
  Serial.println("Message length: " + String(incomingLength));
  Serial.println("Message: " + incoming);
  Serial.println("RSSI: " + String(LoRa.packetRssi()));
  Serial.println();
}

3 thoughts on “Multiple LoRa Device Communication”

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